Canada would target over 400,000 immigrants annually,
In 2021, Canada will seek to host 401,000 refugees, another 411,000 in 2022, and 421,000 in 2023.
Canada released its Immigration Levels Strategy for 2021-2023 today. The highest level of immigration in its history will be targeted by Canada.
Canada will seek to accept new permanent residents at the following pace over the next three years:
2021: 401,000 immigrant population
2022: 411,000 foreign population
2023: 421,000 foreign population
In 1913, when it accepted 401,000 newcomers, the last time Canada received over 400,000 immigrants in a year was. Never again did it come close to this number.
The Immigration Levels Plan 2021-2023 intends to accept about 60 per cent of all refugees, including by Express Entry and the Regional Candidate Scheme, under economic class programmes.
The Immigration Levels Plan is the most relevant announcement made annually by the Government of Canada about immigration. It details the number of new permanent residents to be admitted by Canada over the coming years, and in what categories Canada plans to accept them. . In the following categories: family; economic; refugee; and compassionate grounds and humanitarian Canada welcomes immigrants.
The federal government announced earlier this year, on March 12, that Canada will seek to accept over one million new permanent residents between 2020 and 2022. Days later, owing to the COVID-19 pandemic, Canada had to close its borders.
As a result, Canada is likely to fall well short of the 341,000 immigration target it set for this year, but during the pandemic, it has conducted Express Entry draws that will result in Canada smashing this year’s Express Entry record. Furthermore, sketches from the Provincial Candidate Program (PNP) remain ongoing.
To prepare for this year’s decrease in immigration, Canada has set out the most ambitious strategy for immigration levels in its history.
Why does Canada sustain a high immigration rate?
To counter the negative economic and fiscal impacts of its ageing population and low birth rate, Canada maintains high levels of immigration.
Canada has one of the oldest populations in the world, with about 18% of the population being 65 years of age and older. At 1.47 births per woman, it also has one of the world’s lowest birth rates. As such, in the future, Canada will face the challenges of raising its economy and encouraging government spending. It is possible to mitigate these problems by accepting more immigrants to boost labour and economic development.
Canada has welcomed at least 300,000 immigrants in a year just five times since its establishment in 1867. It officially accepts 0.9 per cent of its immigrant population, which is three times higher than the per capita intake of newcomers in the United States.